The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) is designed to bring several separate pieces of EU legislation on industrial emissions under one directive to reduce the impact they have on the environment.
The IED supersedes seven existing Directives, harmonising the requirements of the Integrated Pollution Prevention & Control, Large Combustion Plant, Waste Incineration, three Titanium Dioxide and Solvent Emissions Directives that are currently implemented through the Environmental Permitting Regulations (EPR).
In December 2010, the Directive on industrial emissions (IED), was published in the Official Journal and requires transposition into UK law no later than 6 January 2013.
The Commission’s proposal will lead to significant benefits to the environment and human health by reducing harmful industrial emissions across the EU, in particular through better application of Best Available Techniques. Minimum provisions covering the inspection of industrial installations, the review of permits, reporting on compliance and protection of soil will be introduced with consequent environmental improvements
According to the Environment Agency, the IED could lead to changes in the way we regulate existing facilities such as:
- the frequency we do inspections
- the extent of testing of the land before an activity commences
- the investment needed to meet the appropriate standards
- change or deregulation of certain activities
- new types of activities may need permitting in the waste, food and drink, and agricultural sectors.
The Environment Agency has estimated that around 300 permitted and 60 exempt sites will require repermitting. All of these applications will have to be made before July 2015.